Network Commands in Windows and Linux

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ARPDisplay or manipulate the ARP information on a network device or computer.

FINGER

The finger command available in Unix / Linux variants allows a user to find sometimes personal information about a user. This information can include the last time the user logged in, when they read their e-mail, etc… If the user creates a .PLAN or other related file the user can also display additional information.

HOSTNAME

The hostname command displays the host name of the Windows XP computer currently logged into.

IPCONFIG

Ipconfig is a MS-DOS utility that can be used from MS-DOS and a MS-DOS shell to display the network settings currently assigned and given by a network. This command can be utilized to verify a network connection as well as to verify your network settings.

Windows 2000 users should use this command to determine network information.

PATHPING

Pathping is a MS-DOS utility available for Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows XP users. This utility enables a user to find network latency and network loss.

PING

Ping is one of the most commonly used and known commands. Ping allows a user to ping another network IP address. This can help determine if the network is able to communicate with the network.

NBTSTAT

The nbtstat MS-DOS utility that displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT.

NET

The net command is available in MS-DOS / Windows and is used to set, view and determine network settings.

NETSTAT

The netstat command is used to display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.

NSLOOKUP

The nslookup MS-DOS utility that enables a user to do a reverse lookup on an IP address of a domain or host on a network.

ROUTE

The route MS-DOS utility enables computers to view and modify the computer’s route table.

TRACERT / TRACEROUTE

The tracert command in MS-DOS / Windows or the traceroute command in Unix / Linux and variants is another commonly used network command to help determine network related issues or slowdowns. Using this command you can view a listing of how a network packet travels through the network and where it may fail or slow down. Using this information you can determine the computer, router, switch or other network device possibly causing your network issues.

WHOIS

The whois command available in Unix / Linux variants helps allow a user to identify a domain name. This command provides information about a domain name much like the WHOIS on network solutions. In some cases the domain information will be provided from Network Solutions.

WINIPCFG

The winipcfg command available in Windows allows a user to display network and network adapter information. Here, a user can find such information as an IP address, Subnet Mask, Gateway, etc…

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